Theory of Errors (Exercise1-11)

Review of Linear Algebra (Exercise 2-11)

The Flow Diagram of a Geodetic Project (Geodetic Methodology) 

Adjustment of Linear Parametric Model (Exercise 3-11)

Adjustment of Non-Linear Parametric Model ( Exercise 4-11)

Adjustment of Condition Model (Exercise 5-11-2:nonlinear)

Least-Squares Adjustment using Pseudo-Inverses (Exercise 6-11)

Adjustment of Combined Model (Exercise 7-11)

Adjustment of Constrained Models (Exercise 8-10)

Adjustment with Weigthed and Constrained Parameters (Exercise 9-11, Exercise 10-11)

Sequential and Helmert-Wolf (Phase) Adjustment ( Exercise 12-11, data)

Hypothesis Testing ( Exercise 13-11 )

Kalman Filtering ( Exercise 14-11 )

Semester Project

  Check-List for Students' Exercises :Ex-1,Ex-2,Ex-3,Ex-4,Ex-5,Final-Ex





Students of K.N.T.U should submit a copy of their programs to the following email address:


  Quize-1,Quize-2, midterm


Course outline

Review of Linear Algebra
The Need for Adjustment and Analysis
Adjustment of Linear Parametric Model
Adjustment of Non-Linear Parametric Model
Adjustment of Condition Model

Adjustment of Combined Model

Adjustment of Constrained Models

Sequential  Adjustment

Phased Adjustment (Helmert-Wolf Method)

Hypothesis Testing

Kalman Filtering


Course References

 For access password students should  refer to the instructor of the course

Adjustment Softwares

Commercial and Open Source Softwares

Email: hossainali[at]




Copyright © 2007 Masoud M. Hossainali . All right reserved