1. Seeber G. (2003), Satellite Geodesy, 2nd completely revised and extended edition, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.

2. Beutler G., I. Bauersima, W. Gurtner, M. Rothacher, T. Schildnecht, and A. Geiger (1988), Atmospheric refraction and other important biases in GPS carrier phase observation, In Brunner F.K., Atmospheric effects on geodetic space measurements, Monograph 12, School of Surveying Engineering, University of New South Wales, pp. 15-43.



Further reading materials:

1. Mohinder S.G., R.W. Lawrence, and A.P. Andres (2007), Global Positiioning System, Inertial Navigation, and Integration, second edition, Jhon Wiley & Sons Inc. Publication.



Course outline

Coordinate systems and Time

Orbit Integration

Global Positioning System  signal structure

Receivers and Antennae 

Biases in Global Positioning System (GPS)

Mathematical models in relative and absolute point positioning

Kinematic real time relative and absolute point positioning

Ambiguity resolution techniques

Differential Global Positioning System

New Applications of the Global Positioning System


Course References

Adjustment Softwares

Commercial and Open Source Softwares

Email: hossainali[at]
Copyright © 2007 Masoud M. Hossainali . All right reserved